Attack on Sydney Harbor 1942 by military historian Tom Lewis contains account of

“She was the one who organized the concert party for the government to go to Japan to sing for the troops who were occupying Japan when the war finished,” Dyer said. “She asked me if I would like to join the entertainment unit that was going to Japan.

Susumu Ito photo in scrapbook owned by Marie Dyer.

Susumu Ito photo in scrapbook owned by Marie Dyer.Credit:James Alcock

“My dad was a keen fisherman, and he would have loved some nylon fishing lines. Nylon was the big thing in Australia at the time. Women were going for nylon stockings and nylon underwear, and there were nylon fishing lines if you could buy them, but you couldn’t. [My dad] said: ‘You are going to Japan and if you see a fishing tackle shop, would you see if you could get me some nylon fishing line.’”

Dyer met someone from the air force who told her he was stationed in Iwakuni (40 kilometers south-west of Hiroshima), where there was a fishing shop. The next day the man took her to the shop, where she met the owner, Susumu Ito.

“When he found out I was from Sydney he just told me in the conversation he had flown over Sydney the night before [the submarine attack]. I said, ‘Would you have a photo that I could have just put in my album’.”

Dyer, clutching the album with the photo pasted in it, said she didn’t realize at the time who Ito was. He was Warrant Officer Susumu Ito, the pilot of one of two biplanes that took off from a Japanese mother submarine to make a reconnaissance flight over Sydney before the midget submarine attacks.

“Mr Ito had probably flown over my Bondi home,” she said.

to new book, Attack on Sydney Harbor 1942 by military historian Tom Lewis, contains an account by Ito where he says he took off about 55 kilometers from the entrance to Sydney Harbor on May 29 at 2.47am.

“[I] flew over North Head at an altitude of about 500 meters, watching out for an artillery base there. But when I turned my eye to the city I found there was no blackout in force. Merchant ships moving about the harbor were fully lit. It was clear to me that Sydney wasn’t on alert. It was a carefree atmosphere.”

Governor-General Lord Gowrie visits the homes of Mr McEachern in Bellevue Hill that was destroyed during the Japanese attack on Sydney Harbour.

Governor-General Lord Gowrie visits the homes of Mr McEachern in Bellevue Hill that was destroyed during the Japanese attack on Sydney Harbour.Credit:Fairfax Archives

Lewis told the herald Sydney’s preparation for the threat of attack was “a massive failure on many levels”.

“The book says it was one of the greatest cover-ups in Australian military history. It was really disgraceful. The two senior commanders, Admiral Muirhead-Gould of the Royal Navy and Captain Howard Bode of USS Chicago [the intended target of the midget submarines] thoroughly stuffed it up on the night.”

Of the ships in the harbor supposedly keeping watch, he writes: “Most had many personnel off enjoying the delights of Sydney, which … was by no means shut down.”

A boom net intended to keep submarines out was unfinished, with channels at each end, and there were other deficiencies in Sydney’s defense planning due to a lack of urgency and lack of funding going back to the start of the war.

Dyer said if Ito had ever come to Australia, she would have loved to meet him again.

“I never did see him again. I would have liked to have, but I didn’t.”

Earlier this month there was a service at St Brigid’s Church in Coogee that celebrated her life. “I told the family if somebody is going to say something nice about me, I want to hear it. I don’t want to be the one in the coffin going up and down the aisle. We had a beautiful mass, I think I sang and I had one glass of champagne.”

Back in 1942, life went on in Woollahra. The next item on the council agenda that night after the bombing was a petition. Residents were concerned about Ciro’s nightclub in New South Head Road, where degenerate persons “carry on dancing and revelry to the accompaniment of a great deal of unnecessary noises.”

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